Kali – Kalighat Kolkata – The Major Shakti Peetha
Vimala Pada Khandancha,
Stana Khandancha Tarini (Tara Tarini),
Kamakhya Yoni Khandancha,
Mukha Khandancha Kalika (Kali)
Vishnu Chakra Kshate nacha…
(reference Kalika Purana and The Astashakti)
Hi friends as you know I am working on 52 Shakti Peetha along with 12 Jyotirlinga, so let’s go with me to Kolkata (Calcutta) for the great Kali temple. The Goddess Kalika of Kalighat Kali Temple (Kali Mandir) is one of the major Shakti Peetha in India. It’s very famous in local people as “Kalighat Maa Kali.”
The name of the Goddess is Devi Kalika here at Kalighat, Kolkata formerly Calcutta. The Kali temple of Kalighat situated at the bank of river Hoogly (Bhagirathi) though the present main flow is not there, it is only connected with the river Hoogly. That is why people say it is Adi Ganga – the old Ganga.
Kalika is a particular form of the Adi Shakti or Aadya Shakti. As per The Astashakti and Kalika Purana it is cleared that Devi Kalika of Kalighat Kolkata is one of the oldest Shakti Peetha and it is also comes under 4 Adi Shakti Peethah
Further explaining the importance of these four Pithas, the “Brihat Samhita” also gives the location of these Pithas as
Rushikulya * Tatae Devi,
Tashya Srunga Stitha Tara
*(Rushikulya is a holy river flowing on the foot hill of the Tara Tarini Hill Shrine).
Devi Kalika in Kalighat is also known as Dakshina Kali. As per tantra and tantric texts Dakshina Kali is a form Kali. Aging, pain, struggle, and death – Kali embodies the harsh consequences of life at the same time Kali is the source of all earthly sustenance and spiritual salvation. Apart from that the Kali means the feminine form of Kaal or Kala (time). More I shall discuss on my upcoming details on Kali or devi Kalika.
Every Shaktipeetha there is also a temple of Lord Shiva in the form of Vairab or Linga. Here the name of Lord Shiva is Nakuleswar.
History of Kalighat Kali Temple
The Kalighat Kali Temple very old historical details are not available very much. When exactly it was built. (I am not talking about the new temple.) in 15th century text also Kalighat Kali Temple reference available. People say it was also applicable in 12th Century.
The present temple was built by the Barisha’s Sabarno Roy Chowdhury family around 1809.
How to go Kalighat Kali Temple (Kalighat Kali Mandir)
It is actually in ‘South Kolkata’ or ‘South Calcutta’, Buses and Cabs are available from all parts of Kolkata. The temple is off the Shyama Prasad Mukherjee road and your Bust Stop is Kalighat Tram Depot.From there Kali Temple is walk-able distance.
Kalighat is also connected by Metro railway. The nearest metro stations are Jatin Das Park and Kalighat. I personally prefer Jatin Das Park.
For the people who are visiting Kalighat must see the cremation ground Keoratala Maha Shamshan nearby the Kali Temple (Kalighat Mandir).
The temple is over crowded on Tuesday, Saturday and Sunday. Preferable timing to go to temple early in the morning before 7.30A.M.
Carry enough change in the form of coins and low value notes, like Rs10, Rs.50 and Rs.100.
Please try to avoid cell phones/camera or other valuable digital gadgets inside the temple. If you a backpacker do have to take them, keep them inside your handbag while entering the temple.
Careful about touts/dalals/middle-men, try to go inside alone.